In 1661, the Regicides who had signed the death warrant of Charles I of England were pursued by Charles II.
Two of them, Colonel Edward Whalley and Colonel William Goffe, fled to New Haven for refuge.
The city served as co-capital of Connecticut from 1701 until 1873, when sole governance was transferred to the more centrally located city of Hartford. New Haven had the first public tree planting program in America, producing a canopy of mature trees (including some large elms) that gave New Haven the nickname "The Elm City".
New Haven has since billed itself as the "Cultural Capital of Connecticut" for its supply of established theaters, museums, and music venues. Before Europeans arrived, the New Haven area was the home of the Quinnipiac tribe of Native Americans, who lived in villages around the harbor and subsisted off local fisheries and the farming of maize.
In 1637 a small party of Puritans reconnoitered the New Haven harbor area and wintered over.
In April 1638, the main party of five hundred Puritans who had left the Massachusetts Bay Colony under the leadership of the Reverend John Davenport and London merchant Theophilus Eaton sailed into the harbor.
Not everything over there is fully functional yet, and the internal links still point to this blog, and will for the indefinite future.
In 1660, Colony founder John Davenport's wishes were fulfilled, and Hopkins School was founded in New Haven with money from the estate of Edward Hopkins.On July 5, 1779, 2,600 loyalists and British regulars under General William Tryon, governor of New York, landed in New Haven Harbor and raided the 3,500-person town.A militia of Yale students had been preparing for battle, and former Yale president and Yale Divinity School professor Naphtali Daggett rode out to confront the Redcoats.Other New Haven militia members were on hand to escort George Washington from his overnight stay in New Haven on his way to Cambridge.Contemporary reports, from both sides, remark on the New Haven volunteers' professional military bearing, including uniforms.