Pentagrams were used symbolically in ancient Greece and Babylonia, and are used today as a symbol of faith by many Wiccans, akin to the use of the cross by Christians and the Star of David by the Jews. Many people who practice Neopagan faiths wear jewelry incorporating the symbol.Christians once more commonly used the pentagram to represent the five wounds of Jesus.The government paid the families The five pointed star is a symbol of the Serer religion and the Serer people of West Africa.Called Yoonir in their language, it symbolizes the universe in the Serer creation myth, and also represents the star Sirius.Crowley contradicted his old comrades in the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, who, following Levi, considered this orientation of the symbol evil and associated it with the triumph of matter over spirit.Other temples decorated with five-pointed stars in both orientations include the Salt Lake Temple and the Logan Utah Temple.Successive inferior conjunctions of Venus repeat with an orbital resonance of approximately 13:8—that is, Venus orbits the Sun approximately 13 times for every eight orbits of Earth—shifting 144° at each inferior conjunction.The tips of the five loops at the center of the figure have the same geometric relationship to one another as the five vertices, or points, of a pentagram.
Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa and others perpetuated the popularity of the pentagram as a magic symbol, attributing the five neoplatonic elements to the five points, in typical Renaissance fashion.These usages come from the symbolism found in Revelation chapter 12: "And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars." The encircled pentagram (referred to as a pentacle by the plaintiffs) was added to the list of 38 approved religious symbols to be placed on the tombstones of fallen service members at Arlington National Cemetery on 24 April 2007.The decision was made following ten applications from families of fallen soldiers who practiced Wicca.As the four-color illustration shows: The pentagram includes ten isosceles triangles: five acute and five obtuse isosceles triangles.In all of them, the ratio of the longer side to the shorter side is φ. The obtuse isosceles triangle highlighted via the colored lines in the illustration is a golden gnomon.